Hosea and Joel Questions and Answers
Minor Prophets – Hosea and Joel
Hosea and Joel are both minor prophets books of the Bible, but they both have some major lessons for us to learn. The book of Hosea has fourteen chapters and Joel has only three.
Hosea was to married to a whore in the book of Hosea 1:2. Why? The nation of Israel was determined to leave their God and served idols despite all of the love and care that God continually showed them. This is spiritual adultery. The prophet Hosea was to be married to whore as a sign to the nation of Israel that the same way she treated Hosea was just like the nation of Israel was treating God.
Why was God not God to Hosea in Hosea 1:9? The question is mixed up. But in the verse, God tells Hosea to call his son Loammi, meaning “You are not my people, I am not your God.” This was a sign to the nation of Israel due to their idolatry and wickedness, and how God felt about them at that time in history.
Are they talking about Gomer in Hosea 2:2? Yes, they are.
Who was God talking about in Hosea 2? Gomer, Hosea’s wife, who left him to go back into the life of prostitution. In chapter 1, God commands Hosea to take unto him a prostitute for a wife. It was a sign to the nation of Israel, that, though they were idolaters (spiritual whoredom), God wanted them to return to him.
Was God telling the people in Hosea 3:1 to commit adultery? No He was telling the prophet to love his cheating wife Gomer.
What is an ehpod and teraphim in Hosea 3:4? An ephod was used to determine God’s mined in Old Testament times. Teraphim is a reference to idols.
What land are they talking about in Hosea 4:1? This is the land of Israel. The nation as a whole rejected God.
Why are they going to destroy “thy mother” in Hosea 4:5? “Thy mother” is a reference to the capital – Jerusalem. The people rejected God and He intends to punish them by destroying them.
In Hosea 4 they are talking about the people do very bad things. Yes, some of the things the people were doing were: swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery.
What is Mizpah and Tabor in Hosea 5:1? Mizpah an area of land was situated beyond Jordan; in the mountains of Gilead. Tabor was a beautiful mountain in the tribe of Zebulon. Both places were known for good hunting.
Who or what is Ephraim in Hosea 5:3? Ephraim is a reference to the tribes Ephraim, the Manasseh and Benjamin.
What do they mean “frame their doing” in Hosea 5:4? “Frame” here means to “create or formulate a system or plan.
Did some eat strange children in Hosea 5:7? No, but in a very short time, i.e. a month, they were going to be destroyed.
Who or what is Ephraim in Hosea 6:4? Ephraim is a reference to part of the nation of Israel.
Was God talking in Hosea 7, all of chapter 7? Yes, as far as I can tell, He is.
Who will come as an eagle in Hosea 8:1? The invaders, specifically the Assyrians.
What was wrong with the people back then that they had to travel 41 years before they got to the land? I don’t understand your question. This may be a reference to the forty years of wandering in the wilderness.
What does it mean “Israel is swallowed up: now shall they be among the Gentiles as a vessel wherein is no pleasure”, in Hosea 8:8? Because rejected God, He will made sure that they will be carried out of their own country and dispersed among the nations. They will be looked upon by contempt by all because God cast them off.
In Hosea 8:14 God will set fire upon the cities, is this to come or did He already do it? This was fulfilled when the Assyrians took the Israelites into captivity and destroyed their cities.
Did the people in Hosea chapter 9 ever turn back to God? No, not as a nation. Even today the Jews do not worship Jesus as God’s Son.
What are “goodly images” in Hosea 10:1? This is a reference to very expensive, ornate, costly idols.
It sounds like in the book of Hosea chapter 10 that they were talking about plowing. Yes, God is using the idea of farming to describe Israel. He describes them as a vine and uses farming terms to describe their actions.
What was the prophecy in Hosea 11:1? This is a reference to when Jesus was a baby and Mary and Joseph went to Egypt for a time to be safe from Herod who was murdering all of the babies two years old and younger. Matthew 2:15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.
In Hosea 11:3 is God talking? Yes, He is talking through Hosea?
In Hosea 11 in parts God could be talking about people backsliding today. Yes, it is applicable to today.
What power over what angel in Hosea 12:4? “He” refers to Jacob when he wrestled with an angel in Genesis 28. Jacob would not allow the angel to leave him until the angel blessed him.
What provoked Ephraim to anger in Hosea 12:14? Ephraim provoked God to anger by his idolatries and other sins.
What was God talking about in Hosea 13 about animals? God was comparing His actions and His anger in response to the sons of the Jews to the violent actions of wild animals.
What are “calves of our lips” in Hosea 14:2? “Calves of our lips” the sacrifices of thanksgiving with our lips. “Calves” has a sense of a sacrifice.
What does Lebanon got to do with anything in Hosea 14:5-6? Lebanon is known for its deeply rooted stately cedars. The stability of a tree is its root system so those that turn back to God He will establish them similar to like the stately cedars of Lebanon.
Did they turn back to God in Hosea 14? Not necessarily. These were the promises from God for what He will do for those that come back to Him.
Book of Joel – Grasshoppers and More
The book of Joel in the Bible is the second of the minor prophets. The theme in the book of Joel is the day of the Lord. God will bring judgement but to avoid this Joel calls for repentance.
In the first 4 verses they talk about bugs eating bugs. What do they mean in Joel:1-4? No, bugs are not eating bugs here. Because of the judgment of God He will send insects to wipe out all of the vegetation and the crops resulting in a famine in the land.
In Joel 1:5 they talk about drunkards. What are they talking about? The famine in verse 4 is so great that the crops necessary for alcoholic beverages will be greatly reduced. This will affect mostly those that are given to excess drinking. Those that are drunk are usually insensible to judgments because their senses are so impaired. But this famine will be so great that they will not have their usual amount of alcoholic beverages and they will have to awake and face the reality of God’s judgment via the famine.
In Joel 1 are they talking about something that is going to happen in the future? I think that this prophecy was fulfilled in Joel’s time.
In Joel 2 the first part reminded me of the end of the tribulation. This is two part. This passage, I think, refers both to the judgment of the Lord in Joel’s time, this really happened and it is a foreshadow of the tribulation. This also does have a reference to the tribulation.
The second part to Joel 2 talks about the people who will turn back to God. Yes, some will especially because they want to avoid the coming judgments.
Where was “the valley of Jehoshaphat” in Joel 3:2? I am not quite sure but some Bible scholars think that this was an area outside of Jerusalem on the eastern side of the city.
People back then were selling their children? The oppressors of the Jews would do such a thing, they would sell a boy for the price to hire an harlot or sell a girl for a cup of wine.
What does “recompense” mean in Joel 3:4? In this verse it is referring to revenge against God.
In Joel 3:8 was God saying that He would sell their sons and daughters? God is speaking to the oppressors of His people. Just as they sold the children of the Jews, so too will God give the children of the enemies of the Jews to be sold. This is part of God’s judgment on those who oppress His people.
What do “plowshares and pruning hooks” mean in Joel 3:10? These are instrument or tools of farming and harvest. These peaceful instruments will be adapted for weapons of war.
Is Judah still a place today? Yes, it may not be called “Judah” but it is in the southern part of the land of Israel.
Finished with the minor prophet books of Hosea and Joel? Continue with Amos, Obadiah and Jonah.