Exodus Chapters 27-33
Exodus 27-33 Bible Study with Questions and Answers
Bible Study on Exodus 27-33
Most of the events recorded in Exodus 27-33 take place on Mt. Sinai except for the events recorded in chapters 32 and 33.
Exodus 27 verses 1-8 describes the brasen alter. Brasen mean “brass” This piece of furniture was made of wood and overlaid with brass. This alter was the first piece of furniture that the worshipper saw when then entered the gate.
Verses 9-21 describe the “fence” that surrounded the perimeter of the tabernacle composed of hangings of linen attached to pillars and sockets of brass and hooks of silver.
Only the high priest and his sons were able to minister to the LORD in this special worship facility.
Exodus chapter 28 describes the priestly garments for Aaron and his sons to minister to God in the office of the priest. This chapter describes the breastplate of judgment and which contained 12 precious stones – one for each tribe of Israel. Also described in this chapter is the Urim and Thummim, and robes, coats and bonnets for the priests.
In Exodus 29 God gives Moses specific instructions regarding Aaron and his sons including animal sacrifices and also flour based sacrifices. God concludes this chapter with His promise to sanctify Israel and to dwell with them continually.
The alter of incense is described in detail in Exodus 30. This alter was located inside of the tabernacle itself. This chapter also describes the laver, which was located outside of the tabernacle, this contained water for the priests to wash themselves before going into the tabernacle. The laver was located between the brazen alter and the actual tabernacle. There was also the holy anointing oil described to be used on both the furnishings of the tabernacle and on the priests.
In Exodus chapter 31 God tells Moses that he has chosen Bezaleel of the tribe of Judah and Aholiabe of the tribe of Dan to construct the tabernacle itself. Also in this chapter God reminds Moses to keep the sabbath day. The keeping of the sabbath was a sign between God the children of Israel.
In Exodus 32 is the shameful account of the children of Israel worshipping the golden calf. While Moses was in the presence of God, receiving instruction from God, the people get restless and want to worship something. Aaron was in charge, so he fashioned a calf for the people. God seeing what they were doing, wanted to kill all of them, but Moses intervened. Moses left the mount with the two tables of stone, which God had written His laws on.
When Moses saw the music, dancing and the calf, he was very angry and called for those on the Lord’s side to kill those who were worshipping the calf. The children of Levi killed about three thousand men. Moses intreated the LORD to forgive those who were left. There is a reference to “God’s book” in verses 32 and 33. This possibly is a reference to the Lamb’s book of Life.
In Exodus chapter 33 God commands Moses to go down from the mountain and to continue to lead the people into the Promised Land. Then the tabernacle is pitched, and Moses goes there to talk with God. God promised Moses that His presence will go with them. Moses ask God to see His glory but God tells Moses that no man can see God and live but since Moses asked this of God, God placed him in a clift (cleft) of a rock and allowed Moses to see His back parts.
Questions and Answers on Exodus 27-33
Here are Verna’s questions on Exodus 27-33 and my answers.
In Exodus 27:3 what are flesh hooks? These were huge forks made for grabbing onto meat.
In Exodus 27:4 what are brasen rings? These are rings made of brass that were attached to some of the pieces of the tabernacle that long rod called staves were passed through in order to carry the object without touching it directly.
Was the brasen alter the first thing that one saw when the entered the area of the tabernacle? The altar in Exodus verses 1-8 describes the brasen alter that stood outside of the tabernacle proper.
In Exodus 28:9-11 who are the 12 children of Israel? Are they the 12 tribes of Israel? The twelve sons of Jacob (also called Israel) had children and grand children etc who eventually multiplied into a tribe. So these were the twelve tribes of Israel.
In Exodus 28, the twelve stones in the breastplate are they to stand for the tribes of Israel? Yes, each different gemstone represent a particular tribe of Israel.
When Aaron put on all of the vestments of the high priest, was he unable to walk normally, because it sounds that it was very heavy. I am sure it was heavy but the stones of the breastplate were rather small and Aaron was an adult man. I am supposing that the vestments of the high priest were not as heavy and even as cumbersome as heavy armor that soldiers wore into battle. He was able to perform his priestly duties just fine.
In Exodus 29: 14 flesh and skin is not the same thing. Why is it a sin offering? I am not totally sure why some parts of the animal were burned on the altar while others such as the flesh, skin an dung were burned outside the camp. But I think that the flesh, skin and dung were a representation of Jesus Who was crucified outside the city as a sin offering to the world.
What was it that Aaron and his sons put their hands upon the head of the ram? All they did was to put their hands on the animal. This laying on of their hands was to signify that they too were guilty and they deserved to die but instead of them dying, the animal would die instead.
In Exodus 29:20 why are they to take the blood of the second ram and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron and upon the sons’ tip of their right ear and the right thumb of their right hands and the great toe of their right feet. Why these particular places? The blood of the ram was placed on their ears, their thumbs and their toes. The placing of the blood on these places of the priests was symbolic way of saying that their ears, their hand and their feet should all be used in the service of God. They could not serve God properly without this sacrificial blood being applied to their bodies.
In Exodus 29:21 why are they to sprinkle the blood and anointing oil upon Aaron and his sons’ garments? The blood and the oil made the garments of the priest holy and fit for service for a holy God.
What kind of wood is shittim? This may have been acacia wood however I think that shittim wood was just that. It was wood from a plant that grew in that area of the world and was dense, extremely strong and resistant to decay.
In Exodus 30: 9 what do they mean by “no strange incense”? God give Moses a special recipe for incense to be used in worship of Him in the tabernacle. This incense was to be used only for this purpose. Any other type of incense, any other formulation, and any other incense was “strange incense”, it was not of God, and He would not accept it. In Leviticus 10:1 two of Aaron’s sons attempted to offer their incense to God and He killed them.
In Exodus 30: 12 what do they mean “give every man a ransom”? A “ransom” was a tribute to God, an offering, half of a shekel, to thank God for his life. This money was put toward the expenses of building the tabernacle.
In Exodus 30:18 why did they have to wash their hands and their feet? If they had dirty hands or feet, God would kill them. The priests were barefoot and the constant dust made their feet dirty. Their hands were bloody due to the animal sacrifices. The frequent cleansing is a type of us, who need to come to Christ to confess our sins so that He cleanses us from all of our since because we in our flesh being in and around the world get dirty and we need His cleansing on a daily basis. We cannot serve God with the dirt of sin, neither could the Old Testament priests serve a clean holy God with dirty hands and feet.
How did Saturday become the Sabbath? Saturday is the seventh day of the week. God after He was done with creation rested on the seventh day of the week setting an example for His people. Today in the age of grace, we don’t have a Sabbath. Sunday is not the Sabbath.
In Exodus 32:4 no one forced Aaron to make the molten calf. Actually in verse 1 on Exodus 32, the people wanted something to worship since they had lost faith in Moses and thought he was dead, disappeared, etc. No one forced Aaron to do this but he seemed to think this was a good idea.
In Exodus 32:9 what is a stiff-necked people? This is another way of saying that they were stubborn. They resisted the leading of their God.
In Exodus 33:20 why did God say that “no man can see me and live”? When God talked to Moses face to face, He did not allow Moses to see Him in His full glory. Sinful man in the flesh cannot behold the sinless glory of God and survive. His glory is so great that seeing Him would literally kill us.
Finished with Exodus 27-33? Continue with Exodus 34-40. Please leave your question in the comments below.