Exodus 20-26 Bible Study with Bible Questions and Answers

Picture of the 10 Commandments. Text reads Exodus chapters 20-26

Bible Study on Exodus 20-26

Exodus 20-26 record about the Ten Commandments and instructions about the tabernacle.

In Exodus 20, God gave Moses His laws for His people. Although there were many more laws that God gave Moses for His people, we sum all of them up into the Ten Commandments. The takeaway verse in these chapters is: Exodus 20:11 “For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it”. What makes this verse so special is that this verse harks back to the first two chapters of Genesis and again tells us that all of God’s creation was both started and finished in six days.

God gave the Ten Commandments to Moses for the Old Testament Jews. In the New Testament, nine of the ten are repeated for Christian believers today. The single one that is not repeated is Exodus 20:8 which is “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy”. The Jewish sabbath, which is Saturday, is not Sunday. God does not expect His people to rest on Sunday.  There is a rest for the people of God according to Hebrews 4:9 “There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God.” This rest is heaven, when finally our labors are finished. As for resting on Sunday, your pastor and other Christian workers sometimes work the very hardest on Sundays — the first day of the week.

Exodus chapters 21-23 contain more of God’s specific laws to the Jewish people, the children of Israel.

God invited Moses up into the mountain with Him in Exodus chapter 24. The verses in Exodus 24: 9-11 are very interesting, “Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink”. God had just given His law, so no one had a chance to break it yet. And Moses had sprinkled the people with blood. With these conditions, Moses, Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and seventy of the elders of Israel could actually see God and they did not die. This was never repeated again. Exodus 24 ends with Moses going up to Mount Sinai with God for forty days and forty nights,

When Moses was with God in the mountain, God gave Moses explicit instructions about how to construct the tabernacle. The tabernacle was a worship facility for the children of Israel where God Himself would meet with His people.  Exodus 25 and 26 tell about God’s instructions on how to build the tabernacle.  The materials that Moses collected that was used to construct the tabernacle were from what the children of Israel brought out of Egypt.

God uses the present to prepare us for serving Him better in the future. God used Egypt to provide the materials for His tabernacle. God is using your past and your present to prepare you for your future service for Him. Thank God for His prevision and for His unique plan for you!

Verna’s Questions and My Answers on Exodus 20-26

In Exodus 20:4 God says that you are not to have any graven images or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above or that is in the earth beneath or that is in the water under the earth. The Catholic Church gets around this because most of their graven images are not in heaven. The only ones that I know of is Mary, Jesus’ mother. Actually the Catholic Church has images of Jesus and of the apostles who are all now in heaven.

In Exodus 20:8 is that the Jews’ Sabbath day? Yes it is.

In Exodus 21:4 if a master gives a servant a wife and the servant’s time is up does he go out alone? That does not seem right to me. He can if he wishes. However if he would that would be very irresponsible of him. These were the rules. So if a servant wants to get married he has two options, either wait until he is free to get married or get married and live all of his natural life in the house of his master.

In Exodus 21:9 you could marry a daughter to her brother? No, this is referring to a girl who was sold as a slave. Her master could give her to his son to marry.

In Exodus 21:28 what does “quit” mean? The owner will not be punished or responsible for the ox killing the person.

In Exodus 22: 18 does it mean that they could kill a witch? Actually this was a command to kill a witch. They were not to allow any witch to live.

In Exodus 24 Moses went up the mountain to get the 10 commandments to live by. In addition to getting the 10 commandments, he also got the instructions and the pattern for the tabernacle and all of the furnishings of it too.

In Exodus 25:10 why did he ask for an ark to be built? An ark in this context was a chest or a box.

In Exodus 25 is God talking about the tabernacle? Yes, God told Moses to tell the children of Israel to collect and to gather things for the tabernacle.

What is so special about shittim wood? These were native trees in the area of the Israelites. The wood is dense, extremely strong and resistant to decay.

Finished reading Exodus 20-26? Continue with Exodus 27-33. Leave your own Bible questions below.

Mary Jane

I'm Mary Jane, child of God, wife of Joe, mom to furry little ones, writer and author of The Faith Series devotionals. Trying every day to be better this day than I was yesterday in every part of my life. Thank you for visiting.

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